The peanut genome has been sequenced and analyzed as part of the International Peanut Genome Initiative, in order to accelerate breeding progress and get more productive, disease-resistant, stress-tolerant varieties to farmers. The two diploid progenitors have been sequenced and are available, along with predicted genes and descriptions. The genomes of the diploid progenitors have been used to help identify and assemble the similar chromosomes in cultivated peanut.

Cultivated peanut, Arachis hypogaea, is an allotetraploid (2n=4x=40) that contains two complete genomes, labeled the A and B genomes. A. duranensis (2n=2x=20) has likely contributed the A genome, and A. ipaensis has likely contributed the B genome.

This resource is being developed for U.S. and international peanut researchers and breeders, with support from The Peanut Foundation.


  • D. Bertioli, J. Clevenger, I. Godoy, H. Stalker, S. Wood, J. Santos, C. Ballén-Taborda, B. Abernathy, V. Azevedo, J. Campbell, C. Chavarro, Y. Chu, A. Farmer, D. Fonceka, D. Gao, J. Grimwood, N. Halpin, W. Korani, M. Michelotto, P. Ozias-Akins, J. Vaughn, R. Youngblood, M. Moretzsohn, G. Wright, S. Jackson, S. Cannon, B. Scheffler and S. Leal-Bertioli.
    Legacy genetics of Arachis cardenasii in the peanut crop shows the profound benefits of international seed exchange
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 118(38), 2021, PMID 34518223
    Legume Information System  Legume Federation  PeanutBase 
  • G. Bauchet, K. Bett, C. Cameron, J. Campbell, E. Cannon, S. Cannon, J. Carlson, A. Chan, A. Cleary, T. Close, D. Cook, A. Cooksey, C. Coyne, S. Dash, R. Dickstein, A. Farmer, D. Fernández-Baca, S. Hokin, E. Jones, Y. Kang, M. Monteros, M. Muñoz-Amatriaín, K. Mysore, C. Pislariu, C. Richards, A. Shi, C. Town, M. Udvardi, E. Wettberg, N. Young and P. Zhao.
    The future of legume genetic data resources: Challenges, opportunities, and priorities
    Legume Science, n/a(n/a), e16, 2019, DOI 10.1002/leg3.16
    Legume Information System  Legume Federation  PeanutBase  Medicago HapMap Project 
  • D. Bertioli, J. Jenkins, J. Clevenger, O. Dudchenko, D. Gao, G. Seijo, S. Leal-Bertioli, L. Ren, A. Farmer, M. Pandey, S. Samoluk, B. Abernathy, G. Agarwal, C. Ballén-Taborda, C. Cameron, J. Campbell, C. Chavarro, A. Chitikineni, Y. Chu, S. Dash, M. Baidouri, B. Guo, W. Huang, K. Kim, W. Korani, S. Lanciano, C. Lui, M. Mirouze, M. Moretzsohn, M. Pham, J. Shin, K. Shirasawa, S. Sinharoy, A. Sreedasyam, N. Weeks, X. Zhang, Z. Zheng, Z. Sun, L. Froenicke, E. Aiden, R. Michelmore, R. Varshney, C. Holbrook, E. Cannon, B. Scheffler, J. Grimwood, P. Ozias-Akins, S. Cannon, S. Jackson and J. Schmutz.
    The genome sequence of segmental allotetraploid peanut Arachis hypogaea
    Nature Genetics, 51(5), 877--884, 2019, DOI 10.1038/s41588-019-0405-z
    Legume Information System  Legume Federation  PeanutBase 
  • D. Bertioli, S. Cannon, L. Froenicke, G. Huang, A. Farmer, E. Cannon, X. Liu, D. Gao, J. Clevenger, S. Dash, L. Ren, M. Moretzsohn, K. Shirasawa, W. Huang, B. Vidigal, B. Abernathy, Y. Chu, C. Niederhuth, P. Umale, A. Araújo, A. Kozik, K. Kim, M. Burow, R. Varshney, X. Wang, X. Zhang, N. Barkley, P. Guimarães, S. Isobe, B. Guo, B. Liao, H. Stalker, R. Schmitz, B. Scheffler, S. Leal-Bertioli, X. Xun, S. Jackson, R. Michelmore and P. Ozias-Akins.
    The genome sequences of Arachis duranensis and Arachis ipaensis, the diploid ancestors of cultivated peanut
    Nature Genetics, 48(4), 438--446, 2016, DOI 10.1038/ng.3517
    Legume Information System  Legume Federation  PeanutBase 
  • S. Dash, E. Cannon, S. Kalberer, A. Farmer and S. Cannon.
    PeanutBase and Other Bioinformatic Resources for Peanut
    Elsevier, 2016

About NCGR

The National Center for Genome Resources is a not-for-profit research institute that innovates, collaborates, and educates in the field of genomic data science. As leaders in DNA sequence analysis, we partner with government, industry, and academia to drive biological discovery in all kingdoms of life. We deliver value through expertise in experimental design, software, computation, data integration and training a skilled workforce.



© 2022 National Center for Genome Resources. Privacy Policy | Terms of Use